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Education from my Father
My memories of my father are slim because he was so sick in the last years of his life. But there are some that I am reminded of often and which may have had some bearing on my love of science.
When I was small I was somewhat afraid of lightening and thunder. My father explained it. The explanation was in words that a child could understand but was basically correct. I gained a better understanding later, but I didn't have to unlearn anything.
What he said was that there was electricity in the clouds and it travelled to the ground like a spark. When it travelled through the air it made the air so hot that it burned. Then there was nothing where the air had been and the air all around rushed in to fill the space. He clapped his hands together very loud, pretending to be the air rushing in, and said that makes the thunder. When I hear thunder, I can still hear that clap.
I remember he taught me my directions. If I stood at the house facing the barn then the barn was north, the house was south, the trees were east and the garden was west. If I know any direction then I could picture the yard and know where all the other directions were. That ghost-yard is still with me.
He explained why if it was cloudy in the winter the night was warmer than if it was clear. It was one of those nights when the sky is full of stars: no moon, no town lights, no moisture in the air. But there was more stars then you could imagine and they had colour too.  He said that if there were no clouds, we had no blanket and were exposed to the universe. Our warmth was going to heat the whole universe. When there were clouds, they were like a blanket and we were not exposed to the universe. I still feel on the edge of space on a very clear night.
Hail was another explanation. (Hail insurance was expensive so some years we didn't have any unless it was going to hail. Dad would watch the sky nervously and then jump in the car and going into town to buy coverage when he got too nervous). When I asked about hail I got this explanation. The clouds have rain in them but they cannot rain because it is hot and the hot air is rising up into the cloud. This air forces the rain drops to rise in the cloud rather than fall. They can rise so high that they freeze. Then they fall again and pick up water on the way down, getting bigger. But it is still hot so they are forced up again and freeze into bigger ice balls. Up and down they go until they are heavy enough to fall right through the hot rising air. The hotter it is and the longer its hot and the taller and darker the clouds get, then the worse the hail. He taught me to recognize a 'thunderhead' and to guess if it had hail in it.
Once we all got in the car in the middle of the night and drove to somewhere miles south to arrive in time to see a complete eclipse of the sun in the morning. We were out on some empty road but we were exactly right under the center of the path of the eclipse. I have rarely seen pictures of eclipses that were as good as the display that morning. The 'ring of pearls' was just absolutely symmetrical and even. Of course, I got a good explanation of what an eclipse was.
I am sure there were many other lessons that I absorbed but no longer remember. What I did learn, in general, was that there were explanations and that the more I understood them, the more comfortable the world was to live in. I was not taught that there were mysteries but that there was understanding if you looked for it. This maybe why I have always been interested in science.
Entries from Lang Syne Book
The Lang Syne History Book Committee (my mother May Quale was the chair person) published 'Lang Syne - A History of Lang Saskatchewan' in 1980. It includes items on everyone who lived as adults in Lang as well as other material. Here are the Barmby and Wight related items and stories.


The Spanish Influenza and Dr. MacIntosh - as recalled by Walter Barmby
A hitherto unknown disease which became known as the Spanish Influenza was first evident in March 1918 in the USA. The symptoms were a severe cold called the 'Grippe' accompanied by high temperatures and was often diagnosed as pneumonia. In the following ten months more than 21 million people throughout the world died of this disease. Most of the victims were between the ages of 18 and 40 years. In early 1919 the Spanish Influenza disappeared as rapidly and mysteriously as it had come. It visited Lang late in 1918, and it is believed to have taken the life of Florence Campbell, about 20 years of age.
Dr. MacIntosh was resident in Lang during the epidemic and many in the area owed their lives to his super human and untiring efforts to combat the influenza. By Today's standards the area was large, the people scattered and the roads bad. When his old Model T Ford failed, another can plus a driver was provided. After the snow came he was supplied with the best team of horses and a driver. He slept on the road and most important, he did not contract the disease himself. His treatment was simple - the patients were told to keep will covered in bed and to sweat and drink water until they could sweat no more. He advised them that to get chilled was sure death. They were to stay in bad several days after they felt well enough to get up. A relapse would be fatal. Dr. MacIntosh did not lose a single patient.
The effects of the influenza on the John Barmby family may be of some interest. On the night of November 11, 1918 I went to town to take part in the celebration of the Armistice ending the first World War. The following day while cleaning grain on Tom Barmby's farm I developed a cold and high fever. When I got home my mother told me to go to bad. The next morning she called Dr. MacIntosh who confirmed her suspicions that I had the 'flu' and prescribed his treatment. In rapid succession all of my family were stricken except my brother Jack. My mother took the youngest brother Ralph, a year old, to bed with her. From his bed, my father instructed Jack to turn loose all the horses, cattle, pigs and even the chickens to fend for themselves. For two days and one night eight people all dangerously ill were under the care of a thirteen year old boy. Jack received high praise as he, without complaining, gave us the best service he could. How fortunate for us that he stayed well. During this time my mother was threatening to get up and care for her children. Had she done so it would have been disastrous.
Then the miracle happened. Dr. MacIntosh arrived with two nurses - one was tall, beautiful and spoke with authority - the other was shorter, even more beautiful and friendly. Within a short time each of us had been bathed, received clean bedding and something to eat. Those English trained nurses were efficiency personified. We were on the road to survival. As I was the first to get sick, I was the first to recover. Having spent my allotted time in bed, I received permission to get up. I felt wonderful, never before or since have I felt better. I dressed and proceeded to go down stairs. After a few steps, weakness overcame me. A nurse prevented me from falling and I was returned to bed. The next day I was stronger and on my way to recovery.
The Spanish Influenza is remembered as the greatest of plagues. Dr MacIntosh is remembered for his wonderful service to the Lang community.


Blizzard Story

In the winter of 1947-48 Wally Barmby, my Dad, lived in Lang but traveled to his farm each day or two to do the chores. On day a storm blew up while he was on the farm and he was stranded. This would not have been a problem except that he was a diabetic and required injections of insulin every day to stay alive. When Wally's insulin ran out, Bert Barmby, who was also diabetic decided to take a supply out to the farm in the blizzard. Bert's method was very clever: he knew the distance from the railway station down the Soo Line to the farm and he calculated the number of railway ties in that distance. Then he walked the mile or so, keeping between the rails and counting the ties. On reaching the spot that should be nearest the farmhouse by his reckoning, he simply waited for lulls in the wind. In each quiet moment he walked towards the house, but stood still as soon as the storm closed in again.  In this way he was able to reach Wally during the storm with as little danger to himself as possible.  Recollection of Janet Kwasniak.


A Memory of Jack Barmby

During the period when Jack Barmby was a widower, he came to our house on one beautiful summer morning and asked my parents if he could borrow his niece to give him a hand. Off I went with Uncle Jack in all innocence.
We went to the dark basement of an empty farmhouse where Uncle jack asked me to hold a flash light while he shot skunks with his gun. After a couple of shots, the smell was so bad that I became nauseous and refused to carry on with any part of the extermination. We went back up into the fresh air to recover. After a while I felt much better but still refused to go back into the basement. Finally, Uncle Jack and I struck a bargain: he would allow me to use the gun to shots at fence posts for a while and then I would hold the light for him again. So the morning went on, in a cycle of: shooting skunks in the basement, getting sick, recovering, shooting at fence posts and returning to the terrible basement. Eventually twenty to thirty skunks were dead - I never knew the exact number.
Uncle Jack then tried to return a stinking child to her parents. My mother saw and smelt me coming, blocked the door to the house and said, "Your not coming in here!" My clothes were hurnt in the garden and while I was standing naked in the yard, she washed me down with gasoline. It took about two weeks for my smell to wear off. During this time I even found that food tasted terrible. I don't know how long it took Uncle Jack to lose the odor of skunk because we didn't see him around our place for quite a long time. Recollection of Janet Kwasniak


Albert Hugh and Beatrice Barmby

Bert Barmby was born at Lang in 1909. He taught at Actonvale School near Yellow Grass. There he met and married Beatrice Darby (nee Christie). They lived at Duff. Sask and Lang where Bert was school principal until 1955 when he took a position with the Regina Public School board teaching Manual in various Regina schools.
While in Lang the family lived in the house that was the former Presbyterian manse. There Bert and Bea were prominent in many community activities. Bert was a Mason and both belonged to the Eastern Star. They were active members of the United Church and taught Sunday School. They both enjoyed curling and Bea her bridge club.
Their boys were: Hugh born in 1939 and Douglas born in 1945. Tom Christie, Bea's brother, came to live with them in Lang to help care for Doug, sho was quite sickly as a baby. For some years Bert and Tom raised rabbits as that was the only neat that Doug could eat. Tom became very much a part of the Lang community and later lived with them in Regina. When Bea became ill with cancer, Tom took over much of the houseword and stayed with Bert for a time after Bea's death. He then went to live in yellow Grass with his sister, Gertie Wahl.
Bea died in 1962. Bert's health also failed and he was forced to take a disability pension and could not teach. He died in 1966.
1.  Hugh Barmby took his schooling in Lang and Regina. He married Pat McFarland in 1961. They lived in Calgary and have three daughters - Dawn, Kelly and Laurie. Hugh manufactures automatic controls to open doors on compressor stations and exports then all over the world.
2.  Douglas and his wife live near Prince Albert. They have one daughter. Doug raises Appaloosa horses.
(I believe this was written by May Quale from notes sent from Hugh Barmby)


Frank Barmby
I was born at Lang in 1913 and still live here. I attended Lang School 1920 to 1930, did not learn too much but I don't blame the school for that.
From 1930 to 1938 all I acquired was experience and a few calluses. In 1938 I married Elizabeth Paul. She hasn't left me yet. We lived on N1/2 19-10-17 W2nd until 1944, when we moved to our present home, just east of Lang.
In 1974 we tired of farming, and since then have been farming only enough to keep us ot of trouble, and home some of the time. We have been able to spend the last five winters in the south of Texas.
Lang and the district has been a good place to live and raise our family. We plan on staying here as long as we can care for ourselves and our farmstead.
Our family:
1. Frances Jean, born 1941, married Larry Martin (1961). They have two children, Lisa Janette (1967) and Malcolm John (Mac) 1968.
2. John Paul, born 1945, married Beverley ann Woodhead, they have two children, Pauline Margaret (1973) and Gregory John, born 1974.

(written by Frank himself)

John Barmby
John Barmby (1873-1953) was born near Driffield in Yorkshire, England. When he was teenager, he was a farm laborer, working mostly as a ploughman and a stacker. The knowledge gained then served him well in later years.
About 1894 he had enough of being a farm laborer and announced to his parents that he would do one of two things - join the army or go to Canada. His parents recommended Canada. He landed in the midst of a major depression; work was almost impossible to obtain and especially for an Englishman. He eventually got work harvesting tan bark in the Muskoka area of Ontario. For three years he worked in lumber camps in the winter and on the railways in the summers. Each Christmas he sent his parents a present of one pound, then worth about $5.00.

After working a full season in a camp owned by a company in Winnipeg, the men were told that the company had been unprofitable and the promised scale of wages could not be paid. John Barmby and a friend decided that the men were victims of exploitation so they tramped the city of Winnipeg until they found a lawyer who hated the owners of the lumber company. With his help they tied up the entire lumber operation until they received their wages in full.
My father worked for the Ottawa Amprior Parry Sound Railway where he was a dynamiter on rock cuts. He worked in lumber camps in the Lac Dubonnet and Riding Mountain area of Manitoba also on the Bell farm at Indian Head. Some time prior to 1898, my father was section foreman on the new railway line, the "Soo Line". He and his brother, Thomas, filed on the first homesteads in the Milestone area in October 1898. They broke this land with oxen. While in the Muskoka area, he met Sophia England who later moved to Neepawa, Manitoba. They met again and were married in Winnipeg in 1901. They established their home at Milestone. Chickens are a necessary adjunct to homesteading. And this is how they got started. John got a clutch of fertile eggs from a railroad friend, then found a duck's nest. He traded eggs with the wild bird and returned in 21 days to collect the chicks. After proving up on the homestead, additional land was not available in the immediate vicinity so the homestead was sold and the money reinvested in a half section immediately east of Lang. My father left the railway in the spring of 1907 after one of the worst winters in recorded history and moved his family to the farm. The spring was late, cold and wet. A curling game was played in the Lang rink on May 24! The farm was broken with a walking plough and four horses. My brother, Frank, now possesses that old plough.
John (1873-1953) and Sophia (1876-1959) raised six sons and one daughter -
1. Walter born in 1902.
2. Violet born in 1903.
3. John born in 1905, died in 1964.
4. Albert born in 1909, died in 1966.
5. Wallace born in 1911, died in 1951.
6. Frank born in 1913.
7. Ralph born in 1917.
On June 22,1948, John Barmby and his six sons opened the Lang Lodge, A.F. & A.M. #34 G.R.S.
The occasion was the election of officers. Brethren from eleven lodges attended.
For three successive generations the eldest son of the Barmby family sired six sons. John was the last one to do so.
(written by Walter Barmby)


Barmby, John Haley (1905-1964)

John Haley Barmby (known as Jack to his many friends) was born July 4, 1905, at the farm home of his parents, John and Sophia Barmby.
Jack attended public and high school in Lang, and started farming on his own south of Lang, and in 1930 took over the farm he owned until his death.
Jack married Edna Rand of Regina in 1932. Edna taught school in Lang prior to their marriage. She passed away in 1946 after a long illness.
In 1948 Jack married Mary Baird Ingle. We lived in Lang, moving to the farm during the summer the first three or four years. In about 1952 we built a new house on the south end of Main Street. We had an active life in the Community, and as I look back, the years spent in Lang were the best years of my life.
Jack was active in Municipal and Village activities. He was Reeve of Scott Municipality for six years, and a Pool delegate for two years. He was elected a Director of the Municipal Hail in 1955 and was Vice-President at the time of his death. Jack was also a charter member and Director of Lang Credit Union. In 1953 Jack was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal for services rendered as Reeve of the Scott Municipality.
Mary and Jack attended the Lang United Church. Mary was a member of the United Church Women. She was also a charter member of the Order of the Eastern Star when it was started in Lang in 1949.
Jack continued to farm until his death in 1964.
(written by Mary Bladon)

Barmby, Ralph

Born in the Lang District late in 1916, the youngest member of the family of John and Sophia Barmby. He spent his school years at Lang School, as the family resided just a short distance from the village. Ralph remembers having had nine teachers, all of whom he liked and respected. After leaving school he worked at various jobs, as through the depression years steady employment was hard to secure.
Ralph enlisted in the R.C.A.F. early in 1941 and was discharged into the Emergency Reserve late in 1945. He took up farming in Lang District in 1946, and later took over the home farm where he remained until 1977 when he retired to live at Indian Head.
Ralph married Doris Barry, the eldest daughter of John and Alice Barry, in 1949. Her father operated a transport business south of Regina until his passing. Doris was born in Regina but took most of her schooling at Viceroy, where the family farmed at that time.
Ralph and Doris have one son, Barry, and three grandchildren.
(written by Ralph)

Barmby, Tom

My uncle Tom Barmby came with my father John Barmby, to Milestone from Indian Head, and filed on a homestead on October 13 1898. The land was just south of the town, and is now operated by the Carlson family. Tom returned to Indian Head that fall and purchased a team of oxen. The pace of the oxen being very slow, he said it took three days to travel from Indian Head to Milestone. He mentioned that part of the journey was on what was known as the 'Buck Lake Trail'. This trail had been in existence for many years, and was used by the ranchers from the south to get supplies from Regina. He camped one night at Buck Lake to water and graze the oxen.
They erected sod shanties on their respective homesteads that fall, and he told me of going south with the oxen to the 'Rough Bark' for poles to lay the sods on for the roof of their shanties, again camping overnight in the late fall of the year.
As funds were very scarce, my uncle and my father kept employment with the Canadian Pacific Railway. As both of them had obtained a small amount of education in their native England, they were quickly elevated to foreman's positions, my father being in charge of an 'extra gang' for a period of time, and then located at Roche Percee. My Uncle Tom was in charge of the section known as 'Milestone East' and Mr Carlson in charge of 'Milestone West'.
At the time section headquarters or sidings were twenty miles apart. Yellow Grass with its very colorful section foreman Mr. Pete Wilkens to the east of Milestone and Rouleau to the west. Early in 1904 my uncle was instructed by the C.P.R. road master, whose name was Lang, to make preparations to put in a siding half way between Milestone and Yellow Grass. The location was approximately two miles east of where the village is now situated. He went ahead and made arrangements with some of the settlers to help grade the side track. My uncle told me he was somewhat concerned as he had never undertaken a project of that kind before. He was about to start in the spring of the year, when the roadmaster, Mr. Lang, informed him that the location of the new siding had been changed - that it would be approximately eight miles from Milestone, pointing out to him the present location. My uncle then proceeded
(Written by Ralph Barmby)

Wight, Clarence and Vira and Family

Section 28-12-17 was the home of Clarence and Vira Wight for 1911 to 1944. In 1910 Clarence had come from Gibbon Nebraska to purchase the land and prepare for his family. He preceeded his wife and six children to Sask in 1911 and met them at Lang on March 23. There were Gaylord 9, Marjorie 7, Myrtle 5, Wayne 3, Mildred 2 and Marian 3 months.
The trip of two days and two nights was an exciting one for all of us. I shall never forget the 9 mile bobsleigh ride from Lang to our new home; a clear, cold day with straw and blankets to keep us warm. Papa made sure that we were all correct in our sense of direction by having us stay under the covers while he turned the horses until we were all 'straight'.
Mother claimed that not one of us cried at any time on the trip but we contracted a severe type measles on the train. In due course we all became very ill except the baby. Aunt Minnie Wight of Gibbon came with us and provided invaluable assistance during the siege.
We settled in at Uncle Lucien Wight's house (two miles south of 28). In the spring we moved first into one granary and later our house was extended to two granaries. Harold Wight, another brother of our father's had bought a section one mile west of Uncle Lucien's. A treasured memory is of two uncles and aunts living so near and their caring affection for us.
May was born in 1915. Marian became the victim of whooping cough and died in 1916 after a long illness, a sad chapter for us. Calvin was born in 1918.
Many memories of those years, 1911 to 1918, crowd in. The breaking of the virgin soil, horse power and a very large tractor, the first of many, a large acreage of flax lost to frost, good harvests of wheat, dugouts, a severe cyclone, gophers, gardens, chickens and our mother and father always working. Our only household labour saving device was an engine on the washing machine.
Knox School, one and one half miles north, was opened in 1913. For the two years previous, Gaylord, Myrtle and I drove by horse and buggy to Crocus Plains School three and one half miles south. Clara and Frances Kinder (living one mile south of us) also drove to Crocus Plains. We all changed to Knox. I remember writing Grade VII departmental exams in Riceton in 1917. Gaylord had missed some school to work on the farm and wrote the same exams and passed 'with honours' impressing me with his excellence.
In the fall of 1918 I was sent to Kearney Nebraska to live with my mother's parents and attend high school. In spite of severe homesickness, I made good grades, good progress on the piano, loved basketball and gained friends. It was good to have relatives to visit. Myrtle joined me the next year, 1919-1920. Gaylord went to Regina to high school in 1917.
In the fall of 1920 Papa moved his family to Weyburn. Five of us were in Collegiate at the same time. Gaylord got his Grade XII in 1921, I in 1922 and Myrtle in 1923. All our family became teachers.
Gaylord married Vera Fielding, a teacher at Heiberg School in 1926. They had three daughters, Madeline, Evelyn and Eileen. Gaylord left teaching, bought and sold grain and took up piano tuning. Being a piano tuner became his profession from 1944, when he moved his family from Bechard to Regina, until his death in 1976. Vera died in 1957. In 1974 Gaylord married Joyce Kazell who dies in 1979.
After teaching for three and a half years (one in Lang), I married Walter Barmby in 1927. We farmed for seventeen years south of Lang (see Walter Barmby story).
Myrtle became a nurse as well as a teacher. She married Barnard Klinkhammer in 1929 and they established a farm home in North Dakota. They had three daughter and three sons - Mildred, Wyane, Jean, Emily, Daniel and David. Myrtle died in 1949.
Wayne was an engineer and became an inventor for the Eastman Kodak Company. He was Chief Engineer or the Kodak and Hawkeye Companies at the time of his death in 1961. He married Mary Jane Warren and they had six children - Mildred, Mary Jane, Marjorie, Muriel, Warren and Thomas.
Mildred also took nurses training before taking up teaching. She married Ronald Houghtaling in 1934. (See Ronald Houghtaling story). Mildred died in 1966. (Their children were Donald, Constance, Marjorie, Richard.)
May married Wallace Barmby in 1938. They had two children, Janet and George. Wallace died in 1951. May resumed her teaching career. She married Melvin Quale in 1955. They moved from Regina back to Lang after May retired in 1977. (See Wallace Barmby story).
Calvin became an engineer after a teaching career. He works in the city of Cleveland. He and Adria have two daughters - Nancy and Wendy.
Our father and mother moved to Yellow Grass in 1944. The farm was sold. They came to Regina in 1954 to live with us. Mother died in 1955 after a long illness and months in hospital. Papa married Mother's sister Lois, who was his brother's widow. They lived in Regina for a short time. Aunt Lois died in 1961. Then Papa made his home with May and Mel in Regina and with us in Saskatoon. He always said he had a two room suite, one room in each city. He died in 1964.  Submitted by Marjorie Wight Barmby.

Lucien and Eloise Wight

Lucien Wight was born in 1862 in Gibbon Nebraska and his wife Eloise (Phillips) was born in Cambridge Illinois in 1865. They emigrated to Sask in the early 1900s settling on a farm 7 miles northeast of Lang, SW 16-12-17 W2 purchased from Winders. Eloise was a sister of Mrs. Chester Kinter.
They had two children - Harry born in 1894 and Ruby May born in 1889. After a number of years of farming in the Lang area they moved to California in 1928 along with their daughter Ruby May, where they lived until their death. Lucien passed away in 1933, Eloise in 1951 and Ruby May in 1967.
Their son Harry Wight married Gladys Steidl in 1919 and farmed 3 miles east of Lang until about 1931 when they moved into the town of Lang where Harry worked in Muzik's store. In 1939 they moved to Weyburn and finally to Powell River, British Columbia in 1945.
Harry and Gladys had four children, Wilbur who passed away in 1928, Edith, Louis, and Shirley who in turn had 9 children followed by 14 grandchildren.
Gladys passed away in 1971 and Harry still resides in Powell River.

William Harold Wight

William Harold Wight was born in 1878 at Cambridge Ill and died at his home near Lang of monoxide poisoning, January 1932.
While a young man he worked as a telephone engineer with marked success. In the year 1909 he abandoned that profession for the lure of the prairies and purchased a farm in the Crocus Plains district, tributary to Lang and Milestone, Sec 17-12-17.
He was married on July 20 1910 to Lottie Chapman of Gibbon Nebraska who died in 1914. She is buried in the Lang cemetery.
Harold, as he was called, suffered a considerable degree of ill health for several years, but carried on finally succeeding in re-establishing his health and attaining success as a farmer. His specialty was the production of seed wheat. In 1931 he was elected vice-president of the Saskatchewan Registered Seed Growers Association.
He married Mabel Forsythe on July 6 1923, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A Forsythe of Brandon Manitoba. They had three children: William Alexander, Eleanor Jean, Glen Lewis. Their ages were 7, 5, and tow months at the time of their father's death.
Mabel married Joe Howard and they made their home in Milestone and later in Regina. Mabel is now living in Rosetown where her son Glen has the Wide West Motel. She is in the Nursing home there and is completely blind having suffered from diabetes. Bill lives in Ontario and Eleanor married Robert Young of Regina.

May (Barmby) Quale nee Wight

I was born in 1915 on Sec 28-12-17 W2nd, the seventh in the C.E. Wight family. In doing map research for this book I discovered that Sec. 28 had been Indian land. A copy of the Script and transfer is found on this page. I'm sure my father never knew the prairie land he bought had once been owned by Paul Gaudry, an Indian Metis, who could neither read or write. Gaudry had sold the land for $1.77 an acre.
I remember my father as a hard working, honest, scholarly gentleman with a flare for languages. He loved to read, write letters and poetry and play chess. He had left the University of Nebraska in 1898 to join the 1st Nebraska and fought in the Philippines during the Spanish American War. He returned from the was and in 1901 married his high school sweatheart, Vira Krewson, who was teaching school in Nebraska. They farmed for ten years before coming to Lang where two of papa's brothers had purchased land in the Crocus Plains area.
My schooling was gained at Knox, Crocus Plains, Center View and at Haig and Weyburn Collegiate and Regina College. After taking teacher training, I taught at Abbey Sask for two hundred dollars a year, boarding on the Minor Ranch. That is the ranch described in the book Lady Rancher. Later I taught three years at Dawn View and in 1938 Married Wally Barmby (See his story).
I worked with CGIT in Crocus Plains and in Lang, joined the Eastern Star in Milestone and was Worthy Matron in 1945. In 1949 I helped organize the Lang Chapter of the O.E.S. and was their first Worthy Matron. During the second war I helped to reorganize the Red Cross in Lang.
After Wally's death I resumed teaching at Waverley School, Yellow Grass and in 1955 was married to Melvin Quale. We moved to Regina where I taught for twenty-two years.

Ronald and Mildred Houghtaling 
by Ronald Houghtaling
I was born March 5 1911 ten miles northwest of Lang near Milestone, the first child born in Canada to Mr. and Mrs. Albert Houghtaling (nee Cottingham). They already had a boy and tow girls, Rex, Lela and Ruth in that order. I always said that I was conceived in a corn field in Iowa and born in a snowbank in Saskatchewan. The others were born in Indianola Iowa. Two years later they had another boy, Ross. At the time of writing all the children are living, three in Canada and two in USA.
My first recollections of the town of Lang are of going there to take part in the Sports Days which were mainly a baseball tournament. My father and older brother Rex were very good ball players. I participated later but was never really in their class. However, I might add, that I could always beat them at horseshoes and curling….. my dad, they called him Huffy, was a I thought one of the best players living….
In 1934, I married a girl whose address was Lang Sask. Her name was Mildred Mary Wight. She came to teach our local school at Gray, Bristol School. I was 23 years old at the time and took a job running a grain elevator in Riceton and proceeded to have a family: Donald Ross born Aug 1935, Constance Marie born Oct 1937, Marjorie Ruth born Sept 1939, Richard John born in 1946 in Yellow Grass.
In the fall of 1939 I took a job in Lang running an elevator and got to know many people and make many new friends. In the fall of 1940 I joined that Masonic Lodge. ….I was fairly active for a while and through the persistent coaching of my dear father-in-law, Clarence Wight and Brother-in-law, Gaylord Wight….
We did not live in Lang so very long, but the time we did live there holds many joyful memories for me. I remember going to the town well for our drinking water and taking the children along for company and help. I remember sitting in the elevator office and listening to the radio news broadcasting the bombing of London and how the allies were doing in Europe during the second world war.
I believe it must have been about November 1944 when I moved my family to San Francisco California where I worked in defence work. However, in the spring of 1954 I returned to Lang and resided on my father-in-law's farm in eleven miles north east of Lang on the farm better known to the family as section 28. Our children attended school in Lang and were transported to and from school by a bus driven by the most reliable Arthur Westborg. On many occasions, due to rain or snow, the bus was quite late but the children didn't seem to mind. Our children were the last off until Cliff Hill moved on the farm mile north of ours.
We moved back to the States, making our home in the Denver area where I was a Building Contractor. My wife Mildred died in 1966 and Constance died in 1967 leaving her husband and four children. Donald was in the marines and is now a Denver fireman. Marjorie lives in New Jersey and
Rick in Durango….


Pictures of my father, Wallace Barmby

wallyWally on right with Frank and Ralph in the middle wallyyoung Wally                            
wallyyoung Wally
wallyWally with baby George wallyWally and Alan Campbell fishing wallyWally as illness shows

How many Ancestors and Who are they?
The blog, Aardvarchaeology, has done the math. "Do the math as you count generations into the past. Two parents, four grandparents, eight great grandparents, sixteen great-great-grandparents, and so on through the centuries. Soon you reach a point where the number of ancestors in a given generation is larger than the population of the Earth at the time. (This is possible because as you move back, a single individual may occupy a large number of slots on your family tree, which is known as pedigree collapse. That is such a badass term.)"
"The population of Europe in AD 1000 is estimated at about 36 million. Not all of them had kids. With a mean generation length (defined as the duration from a person's birth to the birth of their first child) of 25 years, we get 40 generations per millennium. 2 to the power of 40=1,099,511,627,776. There are almost 1100 billion slots on your tree in AD 1000. So all living Europeans and European-descended people elsewhere are descendants of Saint Olaf."
This affect can come to the fore in a very short period of time when there is a small group intermarrying. In cases of small island settlements, an individual can be descended from every one of the founders of the group several times over. Where there are ethnic, language or cultural barriers creating a isolated population (as in early North American settlement) we see pedigree collapse in a big way. Also where keeping wealth and power in a small group (as in royal/baronial Europe), marriage of relatives is encouraged. Where there is a depopulation or genetic bottleneck (as in the Black Death) marriage partners are restricted. Until recently most married couples were born within a few miles of one another. It only takes a few cousin marriages in a family tree to reduce the number of ancestors dramatically, 25% for first cousins.
So for an individual, their family tree will not be like an inverted pyramid but more like a diamond shape. The number of ancestors increases dramatically for a while then expands more and more slowly and finally starts to contract. According to the Wikipedia entry "The maximum number of ancestors for most people is likely to occur around 1200 AD. Some geneticists believe that everybody on earth is at least 50th cousin to everybody else."
I did a little math (well arithmetic really) myself on the subject of how much we actually know about our ancestors. People do not always have the correct father recorded or even sometimes the correct mother. Unofficial adoptions happen, second wives are not always recorded in family bibles. Families have secrets. The wrong person with a common name may be assumed to be the one we want to identify. People may lie about their background when they move to a new town. Records may be difficult to read. There can be mistakes, typos, bad dates, wrong guesses, bad spelling and so on.
For illustration suppose that one in eight parent-child attributions are in error (12.5% of them). By the time we get to the 64 great-great-great-great-grandparents, only 35 of them would be correct or 55%. The next generation of 128 ggggg-grandparents would have only about 47% correct. Half would be wrong. I don't know if 1 in 8 is the right average for these sorts of errors. But I guessed it would be somewhere between 5% and 20% so 12.5% seemed a reasonable figure to use in an illustration.
There are also the parents that are just plain missing any information. This leaves a missing sub-tree that can be quite substantial. People cannot have a good idea of their roots if they are missing an eighth or a sixteenth of their tree. Also the missing branches are likely to be fairly interesting one for one reason or another.
Finally, even if we know an ancestor's name and dates of birth, marriage and death, what does that mean? Most of these people, past our great grandparents, are faceless. We know practically nothing about them. At most we will have some towns where they lived, maybe occupations, and rarely a small story or observation.
So all in all genealogy is not meaningful in the sense that most people believe it to be. But this is where pedigree collapse comes to our rescue. We can know quite a lot about a category of person in a particular place and time. The people who have children within a group for many generations have a culture that can be understood and it will stop being all that important exactly which individuals in that group were ancestors. Those people will come to share a genetic palette and a common culture.


Tapes of My Mother
Few few years ago I recorded some stories my mother told. Unfortunately, I started this too late. Mom was already losing not only her short-term memory but many details from her earlier memories. When I tried to do recordings again about 6 months later, it was a failure and I have not even saved that short trial. There are quite long silences in the tapes. Mom would be trying to member a particular thing. I only interupted if she was getting bogged down. Click on the tapes to hear them or on the photos to see them larger.


tape 1            tape 2  

barmbys Mom ate at Marjorie and Walter's while living in the teacherage in their yard. Here she is with them plus Marian and Bob. The teacherage was the usual one room little house,
Far right: Krewson cousins in 1925 on Krewson farm- Warren, May, Harold, Calvin
teacherage cousins
krewsons Left: Krewson grandparents on the throne of wheat.
Right: Family on section 28 around 1915 - Gaylord, Marjorie holding May, Myrtle, front Mildred, Wayne.
Far right: May and Calvin
wights may calvin
weyburn Left: family in Weyburn: Vi, friend Wilma, Mildred, Myrtle, Marjorie, front Calvin, May
Right: family and part of crew by the cook car.
Far right: May and Wally on their elopement.
cook car marriage
barmbys Left: Barmby family: 1st row - Bert, Walter, Sophie, John, Mildred Wight (going with Bert), Phyllis England, Wally, Frank, 2nd row - Ralph, Violet, Marjorie holding baby Bob. Jack must have taken picture.
Right: Janet waving at train.
janet

Wally's funeral
This is a letter that Jean Martin sent me a scan of. It was written by my uncle Gaylord Wight to to his and my mother's Wight relatives on the death of my father. Copies were probably given to Barmby relatives and so Jean ended up with a copy.
                                                                                                                                                            1309 15th Avenue
                                                                                                                                                            Regina, Sask.,
                                                                                                                                                            March 15, 1951.
Dear Handclaspers,
     May has asked me to give you an account of Wally's passing. He passed away Sunday night March 11, 1951 at his home in Lang. He had made a valiant fight against diabetes and nephritis which had reduced his strength so that his resistance was insufficient to cope with the flu which he had recently contracted. His fortitude was great and he was always uncomplaining.
     The following morning Marjorie and I drove to Lang and Mother and Dad were brought from Yellow Grass by a kind neighbor. It was a cold wintry day of almost blizzard conditions. We had had that kind of weather steadily for a month. The Lang neighbors were all very kind in bringing food, attending to chores and numerous duties in every way.
     Wally's mother was able to return from hospital that day (Monday) where she had been for two days having broken her arm Saturday by slipping and falling while walking down town. His father is keeping as well as usual although he is handicapped with asthma.
     The funeral took place Wednesday afternoon March 14 from the United Church almost across the street from their home. It was a most beautiful day, quite unlike any of the days of the whole month preceding it or the day following (today). The community attended in good numbers as Wally and May are held in high regard. Both were born at Lang and have lived there continuously. Many people came from neighboring towns also. Only half the crowd could be accommodated inside the church. A good number of Masons turned out in their regalia to form a guard of honor. The church service was simple and beautiful, conducted by the minister, Rev. Mr. Keall. A lovely baritone solo was rendered by Mr. Walter Erb accompanied by his wife. (Mr. Erb is the Member of the Legislature for this constituency). The full choir included the C.G.I.T. girls of which group May is the leader. The numerous floral tributes formed a most beautiful setting. The pall bearers were all Masonic brothers. Masonic honors were conducted at the graveside, a very commendable tribute.
     The sun shone beautifully and there was no wind or cold. It was the one spring day we have had in a long time. I am told that a group of 28 men went to the cemetery that morning as volunteers and shovelled way the snow to provide space. Wally was loved and admired by all who knew him. 
                                                                                                                                                               Yours sincerely,
                                                                                                                                                                Gaylord

Surname meanings

Intro
grandparents: Barmby Wight England Hitchcox Krewson
additonal g-grandmothers: Coultas Eastman Osborn Woodward(1)
additional gg-grandmothers: Dalby Mallory Ballard Gaylord Gilkison Ashburn
additional ggg-grandmothers: Wilson Duggleby Putsey Exelby Griswold Baldwin Hooker Harris Hart
additional gggg-grandmothers: Nep/Knipe Botham Stephenson Vickerman Whiting Abell Haven Day Ingersoll Prior Jones Fix Woodward(2) Miller Shields

Introduction
This page gives information on all the surnames I have found in the first 6 generations of the family tree. Of course, many have not been found and if I find them, I will add them.
Originally people had names, one or two. Then when it was important for people to have surnames because of the introduction of personal taxation or Poll Tax. At first surnames were not handed down to children but in time the idea of family names developed so surnames became fixed. Until recently, the spelling of names was haphazard. For people who did not write or did not write well, their names are recorded however a vicar or clerk heard them. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling. Spellings of Irish, German and other names were changed to conform to the nearest English name. (Names were also translated to their English meanings). Standley = Stanley, Muller = Miller.

There were a limited number of ways to create a surname:
Patronymic names are surnames based on the first name of the father. Johnson = son of John, Andrews = son of Andrew. Other indications of this origin are O', Mac, Ap, sen, Fitz etc.
Origin names are based on the country, region, town etc. of origin or a feudal landholding. Welch = Welsh, Huntington = from the town of Huntington. These were originally given as a means of identification to those who left their birthplace to settle elsewhere. Nobility often took their surnames from the name of their landholdings.
Location names are based on where someone lives. Church = lived by a church, Lane = lived down a lane. Living in a house with a particular sign was also a derivation. Partridge = lived under the sign of a Partridge. Topographical surnames were among the earliest created, since both natural and man-made features in the landscape provided easily recognizable distinguishing names in small communities. Bottom = in a dell or valley.
Occupational names are based on a trade or status. Baker = baker, Hamman = freeholding farmer.
Nicknames describing someone’s physical traits or disposition. Russell = red-haired, Bullard = having a disposition like a bull.

The information below was taken mostly from surnamedb.com and the National Trust Names site.
The surnames of my grandparents:
Barmby
The name is predominately found in Yorkshire especially the East Riding, but some are found in other parts for Northern England, London area, New Zealand and North America. The Driffield and Hull areas have the highest frequency of the name.
“This is an English locational surname. Recorded in the modern spellings of Barmby and Barnby, it is of northern origins from one or all of the various places called Barmby, as in Barmby on the Moor, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, or Barmby on Don, near Doncaster, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The meaning of the name is open to conjecture. It is certainly Danish-Viking pre 8th century, the suffix '-by' originally -'bi' meaning a farm or small settlement in Scandanavian, whilst the prefix may be a personal name such as 'Biarni', a name well recorded in its native land, or it could derive from the Olde English 'bera', meaning a bear. This may well also have been a personal name, as the bear as an animal, had been extinct in the area many centuries before the first recordings of the place names in the famous Domesday Book of 1086. This listed all known English villages and settlements at that date. The transposition of the letters 'n' and 'm' was quite normal in medieval times. Thomas de Barmby appearing in the Poll Tax rolls of 1379.”
The name is typed as very rural and not high social standing.
As far as I can tell all our Barmby ancestors always lived in the Yorkshire wolds. They were probably farm workers and craftsmen. The earliest I have found in our family line is William Barmby. born 1550 and living in Boynton Yorkshire.
Wight
The highest frequency of the name is in the Scottish lowlands, especially in Galashiels. It is also found more widely than Scotland, in London, Northern Ireland, New Zealand, Australia, Canada and the US. The highest frequency in the US is in Maine. The names Wighton, Wightman and Wightwick have similar distributions.
“This name is of medieval Scottish and Northern English origin. It has several possible origins and meanings. It may be a form of the popular surname White, from the Olde English pre 7th century word "hwita", and referring to a person with very fair or white hair, and probably a reference to a Viking. Secondly it may be from the early English word "wigt" meaning valiant, and hence a nickname for a brave man, or possibly given the robust humour of the period, the reverse!. Thirdly it could be topographical for someone who lived by a bend in the road. Here the derivation is from the English word "wiht", itself a derivative of the earlier "wican", meaning to bend.” It does not mean coming from the Isle of Wight.”
The name is typed as urban and of high social standing.
Wight ancestors were part of the puritan emigration to New England. The earliest recorded is Thomas Wight who came from Hereby Lincolnshire to Massachusetts in 1635.
England
The name has high frequency in a band from Yorkshire to Devon and is highest in the Taunton area. The name is also found in London, Scotland, Northern Ireland, North America and Australia/New Zealand.
“This is not quite so obvious a name as it may first appear. It is a national regional surname, deriving from the tribes of North Germany known as the "Angles". These were the people who invaded the Eastern and Northern counties of Britain in the 5th and 6th Centuries, and thereby gave their name to East Anglia and subsequently "England". The word "Englise" was originally used by the British to distinguish Angles from Saxons, but by the time surnames were being created it may well have distinguished an "Englishman" as opposed to the native Celt in such areas as the border counties of Wales and Scotland. After 1066 the description may also have served to mark the difference between the Anglo-Saxon and the all-conquering Norman-French invaders of King William 1st.
The name is typed as fairly rural and of medium lower social class.
Our England family has not been traced very far back and we know that they were not always in the Edge Hill area of Oxfordshire/Warickshire area. It is interesting that the band of places where the name occurs is approximately the same as the band of Jurassic ironstone that runs from Devon to Yorkshire and through the Edge Hill area where it is quarried and the Englands were said to be quarryman and stone masons. They may have moved over time from quarry to quarry along the ironstone outcrops from the West Country. It is just an idea. The England surname was from my great grandfather's mother's name. His father's name was Hitchcox but he and his siblings used their mother's name rather than their father's when they were adults.
Hitchcox
In Britain Hitchcox is found (with this spelling) in Oxfordshire, Northamptonshire and Warwickshire, with some frequency in New Zealand and the US.
This name is a reference to a parent's name (little Hick).
The name is typed as rural and medium social class.
I have not been able to trace this family very far back but it appears that it has been in the Banbury area since Tutor times, indeed in the villages along Edge Hill. The Hitchcox who was the father of my England great grandfather was actually born in the outskirts of London. It is interesting that this is the part of London where important canals meet and so is Banbury. For a family to move from the Banbury area to Isleworth and then back to the Banbury area suggests that they might have been employed in some sort of work on the canal system. It is just an idea suggested by a Hitchcox descendant in the area.
Krewson (Croesen, Kroesen)
This is a Dutch name and seems to be a location reference to a prominent cross.
This family has been traced back to settlers in the Dutch colony, New Amsterdam in New Netherland, that became New York. The earliest person in this family that I have found is Garrett Dirchsen Croesen who was born in Winschoten Groningen Netherlands in 1639 and emigrated to Brooklyn from Holland in 1657. The spelling of the name in English has varied greatly.

Additional Surnames of g-grandmothers:
Coultas
The name is found in Yorkshire, NewZealand and North America. The highest frequency is in Bridlington area of Yorkshire.
This unusual surname is of early medieval English origin, and is a topographical or occupational name for someone who lived or worked at a stables, a colt-house or colt-keeper, from the early modern English word "coulthus", which is a compound of "co(u)lt", an Olde English word for a young ass, or young horse, a colt, and "hus", the Olde English word for house. The name itself is widespread in the Yorkshire region, and was first recorded there in the late 16th Century.”
The type is very rural and low social standing.
This is the maiden name of my great grandmother, Jane Coultas who married Thomas Barmby. The family is traced back to Robert Coultis in the middle of the 1700s. They lived in Thwing Yorkshire but may have originally come from North Burton.
Eastman
The name is found in south western England with the highest frequencies in Exeter and Southampton. The highest US frequencies are in Vermont.
“This name derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century personal name Eastmund, a compound of the element "east" meaning "grace", plus "mund", protection. The name is first recorded as Estmunt in the Domesday Book of 1086 for Suffolk. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Stephen Estmund,which was dated 1227.”
The type is urban and high social standing.
This is the maiden name of Mary Eastman who married WK Wight. The family has been traced back to John Estman who was born in Downton England in about 1515. Roger Eastman, born in 1610 in Downton, was the original immigrant to US, coming to Massachusetts in 1638.
Woodward
The name is found in the English midlands with the highest frequencies in Gloucester and Derby. It is found in Northern Ireland, London, NewZealand/Australia and North America.
“This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and comes from a medieval occupational name for a forester (which has formed another well known surname), a man employed to look after the trees and the game in the forest. This was a very important and well respected profession, since the woods and the game animals therein were usually preserved against poachers and were solely for the use and enjoyment of the king or the local lord of the manor. The "New Forest" in Hampshire is a prime example of such a protected area and the punishment for infringement was usually death. The derivation of the name is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "wudu", wood, and "weard" guardian or protector. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Sewhal le Wudeward, which was dated 1208.”
The type is rural and medium social standing.
George Woodward was g-grandmother Emma Woodward's father and we known nothing about him except he was from Warwickshire.
Osborn
This name is found in East Anglia and the Home Counties with highest frequency in Luton and Bromley. It is found in NewZealand/Australia and North America. Highest frequency in US is in Oklahoma.
“This is a medieval English surname but one of truly ancient 'Viking' origins. The modern surname (in its many spellings) derives from the Norse personal name 'Asbiorn', composed of the elements 'As' meaning 'god' and 'Bjorn', - the bear. The Vikings, as befitted their warlike image, were very keen on names which indicated strength and conquest. The name was found in England well before the Norman Conquest of 1066, and was also recorded in Normandy. Perhaps this is not surprising as Normandy means 'the place of the orsemen', the 1066 Normans being the descendants of the 'land based' Vikings ofthe 8th century, who swept down through Northern Europe. These people were the 'cousins' of the 'sea' Vikings' who invaded Britain at the same period of history. In the Olde English pre 11th Century the spelling was 'Osbern' and this spelling as a given name only is recorded inthe 1086 Domesday Book.The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Henry Osbern, which was dated 1260.”
The type is urban and very high social status.
Sarah Osborn was my g-grandmother married to OC Krewson. The earliest Osborn in the tree is Richard who came to America in 1634 via Barbadoes. He may (or may not) be related to Kent nobility. I suspect that he was Quaker; his son married a Welsh (Quaker?) woman in Pennsylvania.

Additional Surnames of gg-grandmothers:
Dalby
 This name was found in Yorkshire, Leicestershire and with lower frequencies around England. It is found in Australia, NewZealand and North America.
This name is of Old Norse origin, and is a locational surname deriving from any one of the places called Dalby, in Lincolnshire, near Spilsby; in Leicestershire near Melton Mowbray, and in North Yorkshire near Terrington. All three places are recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Dalbi", and all share the same meaning and derivation, which is "the farm in the valley", from the Old Norse "dalr", valley, with "byr", farm, settlement. The surname is found most frequently in Yorkshire, and therefore probably derives mainly from Dalby in that county. Locational surnames were mostly acquired by those former inhabitants of a place who had moved to another area, and were thereafter best identified by the name of their birthplace. The modern surname can be found as Dalby, Dalbey, Daulby, and the apparently Norman form D' Aulby. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Matthew de Dalbi.”
The type is rural and medium social standing.
The name is connected to my family tree when Sarah Dalby, my gg grandmother married John Barmby in 1837. Her family were farmers in Lockington Yorkshire.
Mallory
This name is found in Yorkshire and in a few other areas of England, in NewZealand and North America.
This was a name for a person who was known for bad luck and an unhappy disposition having derived from the Old French word 'malheure' meaning unhappy or unlucky. The name has many spelling variations: Mallory, Mallorie, Mallorey, Mellory and others.”
The type is urban and low social standing.
Mary Mallory was my gg grandmother and from Thwing Yorkshire. Little is known about her family.

Ballard
The name is found in Southern England with the highest frequencies in Tunbridge Wells and Worcester. It is found in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia, and North America. The highest frequency in the US is in Kentucky.
“This name is recorded in many spelling forms including Bullard, Ballard, Belward, Bellyard, Bil(l)yard, and Bellard. The surname originated as a medieval English nickname for a bald-headed man. The derivation is from the Middle English "bal(le)", used in the transferred sense of a hairless patch on the skull, with the addition of the Angl-Saxon suffix "ard", whose precise translation is uncertain. Early examples of the surname recordings include those of Alured Balard in Essex in 1273. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Peter Ballard, which was dated 1196.”
The type is urban and high social status.
Sarah Ballard married John Wight in 1832. It has taken some time to trace her ancestors because the name changed from Ballard to Ballord and back again, the marriage was wrongly recorded in Ballard family records as being to John Wright, and they probably no longer lived in the place they were married. We have the right line now. The earliest Ballard in the tree is William who was born in Sanford Priors Warwickshire England in 1603 and arrived in Massachusetts on the James in 1635.
Gaylord
The name is found in the London area but not in the rest of England. No other frequencies are available.
“This name is one of the many variant spellings of the original surname 'Galhard', which itself derives from either of two possible sources. Firstly, it may come from the pre 5th century a.d. Old German and Anglo-Saxon compound personal name "Gailhard" with the elements 'gail' meaning joyful and 'hard', strong and brave or secondly it may be from the later Norman- French "Gaillart", the meaning being the same. The surname appears in Spain as 'Gallardo' and in Italy as 'Gagliardi' as well as other spellings, but all have the same roots. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert Gaylord, which was dated 1125.”
The type is not available.
Elizabeth Gaylord (grandfather's grandmother) married Elias Eastman. The first Gaylord in the tree was William who arrived in Massachusetts in 1630 from England aboard the Mary&John. He was an early settler in Windsor Connecticut. Elizabeth's parents were both descendants of William.
Gilkison
This name is found in Scotland, especially Kilmarnock, and is rare in England. Other frequencies are not available.
“This surname is a patronymic from the old Scots Gaelic personal name Gilchrist, a compound of the elements "Gilla" meaning servant plus "Criost" christ; hence "servant of Christ". This popular personal name was borne by the sculptor of St. Martin's cross in Iona and an inscription in Irish reads "a prayer for Gilchrist who made this cross". The surname is first recorded in the early half of the 14th Century, Robert Gilcristson dated 1332. In the modern idiom, the surname is found with variant spellings Gilkison, Gilkes, Gilks, etc.. “
The type is not available.
Margaret Gilkison married Simon Krewson and they lived in Indiana. Her father, Thomas, came from Ireland aged 16 and was probably an Ulsterman (ie A Scotish settler to Northern Ireland).
Ashburn (Ashburner)
The name is found in the very north of England with highest frequencies in Carlisle and Lancaster. “This is an occupational name deriving from the Olde Norse "aska" meaning "ashes", plus a derivative of "brenna", to burn. Hence, the "ash-burner". The name was originally chiefly found in the English Lake district where charcoal was manufactured to be used in the iron smithies of the middle ages. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert le Askebrenner. which was dated 1278, in Lancashire.”
The type is very rural and high social standing.
Catherine Ashburn married Levi Osborn. The earliest Ashburner in the tree is Richard from Lancashire.

Additional Surnames of ggg-grandmothers:
Wilson
The name is common throughout Scotland and Northern England, Northern Ireland, Australia/NewZealand, North America. The highest frequency is in Kilmarnock.
“This surname is of early medieval English origin although recorded throughout the British Isles. It is a patronymic form of the male given name Will, itself a diminutive of William. Introduced into England by William, Duke of Normandy, and known to history as "The Conqueror" , William soon became the most popular given name in England. The Norman form and that borne by the Conqueror, was "Willelm", a spelling adopted from the Frankish Empire of the 8th century. The name is a compound which originally consisted of the elements "wil", meaning desire, and "helm", a helmet which offered protection.
The type is barely rural and low social standing.
Jane Wilson married Thomas Barmby and they lived in Hutton Cranswick Yorkshire. Her father's name was George but nothing else is known about the family.
Duggleby
“This is an English locational surname, but one with some pre 9th century Danish-Viking and Irish origins. The village of Duggleby is in the East Riding of Yorkshire, and the derivation is from the personal name Dugfall, which whilst used by the Vikings was actually of Irish origins. It originates from the words "dubh gall" and translates as dark stranger. It seems odd that a name meaning dark stranger should be used by the Danes who were largely fair skinned, and perhaps even odder that the name was originally Irish. However in the period of history known as "The Dark Ages" much of Ireland was held by the Danes and the Norsemen, and it was from Ireland and the Isle of Man, that they made their conquests of much of the north of England as far south as 'The Wash' estuary. The suffix '-by' originally '-bi', is equivalent to the English word 'tun' and means a farm or perhaps settlement. Duggleby is first recorded in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 as 'Difgelbi', and later in 1190 as 'Deuegelbi'. It is unclear as to when the surname was first recorded, but early examples in the surviving church registers of the county of Yorkshire include Ann Duggleby in 1581.”
Catherine Duggleby married William Dalby in Beswick in 1818. They were cousins and both descended from John Duggleby and Mary Forge of Beswick Hall. The earliest Duggleby in the tree was born in 1115.
Putsey
“Spelling variations of this family name include: Pudsey, Pudsie, Pudsy, Puddsey, Puddesey, Puddesay, Puddsy, Pudesay, Puddsie, Putsey. First found in Yorkshire where they were originally from Pudsey in the West Riding, 6 miles from Leeds. One of the first uses record was Hugh Pudsey, Bishop of Durham 1153-1195.”
Jane Putsey married Robert Coultas in 1809 in Ganton Yorkshire, presumably her home. Nothing is known about her parents.
Exelby
There is no frequency and type information for this name.
“This surname is a transposed from of Axleby, which is of English origin, and is locational from either Exelby in the North Riding of Yorkshire, or from Asselby in the East Riding of Yorkshire. Exelby is derived from the Old Danish personal name "Eskil", similar to the Old Norse "Askell, Asketill", god-cauldron, and the Old Norse "byr", farm, settlement; hence, "Eskil's farm". Asselby is derived from the Old Norse "Askell", and "byr", as before; hence, "Askell's farm". Locational surnames were developed when former inhabitants of a place moved to another area, usually to seek work, and were best identified by the name of their birthplace. The modern surname can be found as Axleby, Axelby, Axelbee, Axelbey, Exelby, Eshelby and Hasselby. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of John de Eskelby, which was dated 1327 in Yorkshire. “
Mary Exelby married George Mallory in 1815 in Kilham Yorkshire, presumably her home. Nothing is known about her parents.
Griswold
There is no frequency and type information for this name.
Spelling variations of this family name include: Griswold, Griswood, Griswald, Griswoll, Griswall, Grisweld, Greswold, Greswald, Griswould. It is a habitational name from Griswolds Farm in Snitterfield, Warwickshire. It is first found in Warwickshire, where they were Lords of the Manor. The origin of the name of the farm is disputed. It may be (1) Old English greosn 'gravel' + wealdGreysweald, derived from the Icelandic grey, signifying "dog" or "greyhound," plus the common Anglo-Saxon weald, or wold, signifying "woods." Hence the arms and crest of the family who lived in a woods and raised the favorite kind of dogs for royalty; (3) a pig yard, from Scandinavian gris "pig" and wold "enclosure"; (4) an import of the German name, Greifswald; (5) it referred to wild boars or pigs in the woods either as an occupation (a hunter of wild boar) or a location (wood populated by wild boar).
Mary Griswold married William Wight. The earliest Griswold in the tree is a Roger born 1489. Edward Griswold came to New England in the early 1600s.
Baldwin
The name is common in southern England and in Lancestershire, the highest being in Watford and Gloucester. It is found in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia, North America. The highest frequency in the US is Idaho.
“This name is of Anglo-Saxon and Old German origin; it is a hereditary surname developed from the male personal name Baldwin, which was popular in England before and after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The given name derives from the Olde English "Bealdwine", and the cognate Old German "Baldwine", composed of the elements "b(e)ald", bold, brave, and "wine", friend, and is recorded as "Baldewyne", circa 1066, and as "Balduin, Baldewin" in the Domesday Book of 1086. This name was a favourite among the Normans and in Flanders in the early Middle Ages, and it was probably the Flemish influence which was responsible for its popularity in England in the 12th and 13th Centuries. Baldwin was the given name of the Crusader who in 1100 became the first Christian king of Jerusalem, and of the Count of Flanders (1172 - 1205), who led the Fourth Crusade and became the first Latin Emperor of Constantinople (1204). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Stephen Baldewin, which was dated 1200, in Hampshire".
The type is slightly rural and high social class.
Susannah Baldwin married William Lynde Ballard in 1809. Her parents have not been traced.
Hooker
The name is found in southeastern England with highest frequencies in Redhill and parts of London. It is found in NewZealand/Australia and North America with the North Carolina having the highest frequency in the US.
There is very little information on the origin of the surname. “The family name Hooker (attested from c.975) would mean "maker of hooks," or else refer to an agricultural laborer who used a hook (cf. O.E. weodhoc "weed-hook").”
The type is urban and very high social class.
Mary Hooker married John Eastman in 1799. The earliest Hooker in the tree is Thomas born in 1552. His son Thomas was born in Markfield Liecestershire England and died in Hartford Connecticut in 1647.
Harris
The name is common in southern England especially the west Midlands, south Wales and the West Country with the highest frequency in Newport. It is found in London, Ireland, Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia and North America. Alabama has the highest frequency in the US.
“This surname is English, Scottish and Irish, and is recorded in many spellings including Harry, Harrie, Harrhy, Harris, Harries, and Harriss. However spelt, all derive from the 11th century personal name Harry, itself a nickname form of Henry. "Henry", which originates from the pre 7th century Frankish name "Henn- ric", meaning "home-rule", was first introduced into Britain at the Norman Conquest of England, in 1066, and is recorded in the famous register known as the Domesday Book, in the year 1086. Over the next four centuries the name in all its spellings became very popular in England, although in Scotland the usual spelling is Harrison. The eight English kings called officially Henry, were all referred to as Hal or Harry. Early examples of the "Harry" surname recordings taken from authentic medieval charters, and showing the surname development, include Nicholas Herri, in 1327.”
The type is urban and high social class.
Elizabeth Harris married Jacob Osborn in 1826 in Ohio. Her father was James Harris and he is believed to have been born in Pennsylvania of an Irish (Ulster?) family.
Hart
The name is found over much of England and Scotland but especially in East Anglia and it is common in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia and North America. However in our case the name is from Germany. Vermont has the highest frequency in US.
“Recorded in many spellings including Hart, Harte, Heart, Hart and Hartman (English), and Hart and Hartmann (German), de Herte (Flemish & Dutch), Hiorth and Hjorth (Swedish), this surname was usually a nickname. It is medieval, and a good example of that sizeable group of early European surnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. In this case the derivation is from pre 7th century word "heorot", and as a nickname this would have been given to a fast runner, or perhaps, given the robust humour of those times, the complete reverse! In England where the earliest of all surname recordings are to be found one Roger Hert appears in Norfolk in 1166. In some cases the surname may be of Irish origin, and is derived from the Gaelic O' hAirt, composed of the elements O', meaning male descendant of, and "Art", a byname meaning hero.”
Elizabeth Hart married Joseph Ashburn in 1825 in Ohio. Her father was Garret Ashburn who was from a German family in Pennsylvania. His parents have not been traced.

Additional Surnames of gggg-grandmothers:
Nep or Knipe
There is some confusion about which name is correct. There is no information on Nep which appears to be a very rare name. But there is material on Knipe. It is found widely in the UK but especially in Lancaster. It is found in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia and at a lower level in North America.
“This is a locational name from the former county of Ayrs in Scotland, so called from the Gaelic "cnap" meaning a hill(ock). The surname Knipe is well known in the northern Irish counties of Armagh and Cavan, the original namebearers having come from the north of England. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Elizabeth Knype, of Warton. Lancashire which was dated 1597.”
The type is rural and high social status.
Mary Nep or Knipe married Timothy Barmby in 1758. Her parents have not been traced. In fact I cannot find any Nep in the area and only 2 Knipe individuals with no link found to any others.
Botham
The name is found in Derbyshire and Yorkshire and surrounding areas with the highest frequency in Derby. It is found but no common in NewZealand/Australia and Canada.
“This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and is a topographical name from residence in a dell, hollow or broad valley, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "bothm, botm", bottom, depression, the lowest part of a valley. In some instances, the name may also be specifically locational from any of the various places in the north of England named with the above word, for example, Bottom (o'the Moor), Lancashire, and Bottoms in South Nottinghamshire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. In the modern idiom the name is variously spelt Bottom(e), Bottoms, Battams and Botham(s). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Dowe de Bothemes, which was dated 1246 in Lancashire.”
The type is rural and lower social class.
Jane Botham married George Wilson in the mid 1700s. Her family has not been traced.
Stephenson
The name is very common in northern England especially Yorkshire with the highest frequencies in Hull and Durham. It is common in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia and North America.
“This medieval surname is a patronymic form of the given name Stephen or Steven. These in turn derive from the pre Christian Ancient Greek word "stephanos", meaning "crown"). Stephen was a popular first name in the Middle Ages, although prior to the Norman Invasion of 1066, it was used only by monks. It was also the name of the first Christian martyr. It recorded in the famous Domesday Book of 1086 in the Latinized form of "Stefanus" . Greek and Hebrew names were given to the children of returning 11th and 12th century "crusaders", and these names, which included "Stephanus", became very popular gradually taking over from the surviving "native" names, many parts of Northern Europe. The first recorded spelling of the family name is believed to be that of Adam Stevenson which was dated 1327, in Essex.”
The type is rural and low social class.
Sarah Stephenson married John Duggleby in the mid 1700s. Her parents have not been traced.
Vickerman
The name is found in Northern England especially Yorkshire. The highest frequency is in Huddersfield. It is found in NewZealand and to a less extent in North America.
“This name is of early medieval English origin, and is an occupational surname for 'the vicar's man', the servant of the vicar. The name is derived from the Middle English term 'vicare, vicaire' or 'vikere', from the Old French 'vicaire', itself derived from the Latin word 'vicarius', substitute, deputy, with 'man', man, often, servant. The term 'vicar' was used in medieval England for a parish priest, although the original meaning was for the man who carried out pastoral duties on the behalf of the absentee holder of a benefice. In practice, most benefice-holders were absentees, so the 'vicar' was gradually described as the parish priest. The name is found frequently in Yorkshire. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Vikarman, which was dated 1379 in Yorkshire.”
The type is rural and high social status.
Jane Vickerman married Robert Coultis in 1778. The family is traced back to John Vickerman who died in 1762 in Sherburn Yorkshire.
Whiting
This surname is found primarily in a band from East Anglia to Wales with the highest frequency in Ipswich. It is found in NewZealand/Australia and North America. The highest frequency in US is in Utah.
“This surname, of Anglo-Saxon origin, is a patronymic from the Olde English pre 7th Century "Hwita" meaning "the white one". The surname first appears in the late 11th Century and has a number of variant forms ranging from Whiteing, and Whitting to Witting.”
The type is only just slightly rural and fairly high social class.
Mary Whiting married Thomas Wight in 1771 in Dedham Massachusetts. The Whitings are traced back to John born 1565 in Boston Lincolnshire. Nathaniel Whiting was his son born in Lincs in 1609 and died in Dedham Massachusetts. We are descended from Nathaniel through another line too.
Abell
The name is found in a band from Devon in the southwest to Yorkshire in the northeast, the highest frequencies in Leicester, Hereford and Loughborough. It is found in NewZealand/Australia and North America.
“This surname is Anglo-Scottish. It was mainly introduced by returning 12th century Crusaders and pilgrims from the Holy Land. 'Abel' derives from the Hebrew given name 'Hevel' meaning 'breath or vigour', and was presumably a name of endearment or possibly a nickname. As a personal name 'Abel' (Hevel) was borne by the son of Adam, who was murdered by his brother Cain. It was very popular as a given name in Christendom during the Middle Ages, when there was a cult of 'suffering innocence' which Abel represented. For reasons unclear the early surname was widespread in the east of England and Southern Scotland, and is well represented in its various forms in the registers of the area. The surname is now recorded in the modern spellings of Abel, Able, Abele, Abelle, and the patronymic Abels, Abeles, Abells, Abelson and Ableson. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of William Abel, which was dated 1197.”
The type is rural and very high social class.
Mary Abell married Samuel Griswald in 1759 in Norwich Connecticut. The earliest Abell found was Robert Abell born 1500 in Stapenhill Derbyshire. We are descended through two lines of the Abell family.
Haven
The name is found in the west Midlands and Wales, with highest frequencies in Newport and Cardiff. It is found in the US.
There is little authoritative information on the origin of Haven as a surname. It may be a German name. “The surname of De Haven is of German origin, a locational and occupational name 'one who lived and worked on a large farm'. The name later came to mean a chamberlain in a noble household or an official with similar functions in a religious house.” Or it may be Norman. “Haven is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman conquest of 1066. The Haven family lived in Derbyshire. However, the family resided in Avenelles in the department of Eure, Normandy before coming to England just prior to the major flood of Norman emigration in the 11th centruy. Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. The name was spelled Avenells, Avenet, Avnett, d'Avenell, Davenell, Davenall.” Or it may just mean a harbor used as a locational name for someone coming from a harbor town.
No type information is available.
Susan Haven married William Ballard in 1786 in Massachusetts. Her parents have not been traced.

Day
The name is found in a band from East Anglia to Wales with the highest frequency in Stevenage. It is found in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia and North America. The highest frequency in the US is in Maine.
“This is a very interesting surname. Altough usually English, it has two possible origins. This first is as a derivative of the famous personal name "David", a popular given name throughout the British Isles during the Middle Ages. Derived from the Hebrew word meaning "beloved", it was one of a large group of similar biblical names introduced into Europe from the Holy Land by the famous crusaders of the 12th century. Its popularity was due in part to the fame of the king of Israel, and much later to its being the name of the patron saint of Wales. The second possible origin for the modern surname spellings of Day, Daye, Dey, Deye, or the unusual D'Eye, is the Olde English pre 7th century personal name "Daei". This is from the word 'daeg', meaning 'day', and it may also be a short form of the compound personal names such as Daegberht and Daegmund, translating as "day-bright" and "day-protection". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Godina Daia, which was dated 1095.”
The type is urban and high social class.
Eunice Day married Benjamin Eastman in 1758 in Springfield Massachusetts. The earliest Day in the tree is Robert Day who was born in England in 1604 and died in Hartford Connecticut.
Ingersoll
No frequency and type information is available for Ingersoll.
The surname of Ingersoll is an English habitation name from a place in Derbyshire, which was recorded in the 13th century as Hinkershill. The name literally meant the dweller at the monk's hill. Other spellings of the name include Ingersol, Inkersole and Ingsole. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Roger de Hynkersul, who was recorded in 1321. Later instances of the name mention John Inkersall of County Sussex, who was documented in 1607.”
Mary Ingersoll married Joseph Hooker in 1771 in Farmington Connecticut. The earliest Ingersoll in the tree was John Inkersall, born 1567 in Derbyshire. John Ingersoll was born in 1615 in Bedfordshire and died in Massachusetts. He was on the 1629 sailing of the Mayflower.

Prior
The name is found around London, with highest frequencies in Chelsford, Wigan and Bishops Stortford. It is found in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia, and North America. The highest frequency in the US is in Vermont.
“This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and derives from the Olde English pre 7th Century "prior" a prior, a monastic official immediately subordinate to an abbot, and would have originated as an occupational name for the servant of a prior. Later, the name became a nickname for a person bearing the qualities associated with a prior. The creation of surnames from nicknames was a common practice in the Middle Ages, and many modern-day surnames derive from medieval nicknames referring to personal characteristics, as in this instance "the official one". The surname is first recorded in the early 13th Century. In the modern idiom the surname has many variant spellings including: Prier, Prior, Pryer and Pryor. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Roger Priur which was dated 1205.”
The type is urban and high social class.
Mehitable Prior married Abiel Gaylord around the 1770s in Connecticut. Her father was John but I found no information on him.
Jones
Jones is found in Wales with the highest frequency in Llandudno. It is very common in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia and North America. Mississippi has the highest frequency in the US.
“This famous surname, widespread throughout the British Isles, and the most popular surname in Wales, one in ten Welsh people being so-called, is nevertheless of English medieval origins. It derives either from the male given name John, or its female equivalent Joan, both Norman French introductions after the 1066 Invasion. Both names are written as Jon(e) in medieval documents, and a clear distinction between them on the grounds of gender was not made until the 15th Century. However, because western society has almost invariably had a male as family head throughout history, bearers of the surname Jones are more likely to derive it from a patronymic form of John, than a matronymic form of Joan. The personal name John, ultimately from the Hebrew "Yochanan" meaning "Jehovah has favoured (me with a son)", has always enjoyed enormous popularity in Europe, and particularly so after the Crusades of the 12th century. The name, which is found in some four hundred spellings, is in honour of St. John the Baptist, the precursor of Christ. The surname as "Jones", first appears on record in England in the latter part of the 13th Century, and also features as one of the most numerous settler names in Ireland, having been introduced in the wake of the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1170. It is now found in every Irish county, especially in the larger towns, and has also been Gaelicized as "MacSeoin". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Matilda Jones, which was dated 1273.”
The type is rural and very slightly low social class.
Rebecca Jones married Simon Krewson 1779 in Philadelphia Pennsylvania. Her father was Joshua Jones. I have not traced the family back further.
Fix
Frequency and type data is not available.
“Veix is of patronymic origin, that is, it belongs to the category of surnames derived from the first name of the father of the initial bearer. In this instance, the name indicates “son of Fix”, a pet form of the first name Vitus, derived from the Latin (vi vus) meaning “alive”. In German, the letters “f” and “v” are interchangeable. The German “v” is, in fact, pronounced as “f”. In the Middle Ages parents were encouraged to name their children after saints, in the hope of thus evoking the saint’s protection. St. Vitus was a third century saint, a Christian child martyr, born probably in Sicily. He was one of the fourteen Holy helpers, a group of early martyrs venerated especially in medieval Germany. St. Vitus is the patron saint of comedians, and his aid is invoked by those suffering from various diseases, especially the nervous disorder chorea with which his name became associated, that is, St. Vitus Dance. The earliest record of this surname dates back to the fourteenth century, when one Pfaff Fix was recorded as living in Leonberg in 1350. In 1372, one Heinz Vitz was residing in Sanwalshofen, and Hans Fix (or Vix) was a builder in Constance in 1592. Fixes of the Middle Ages and later were of the merchant and craftsman class. Claims of a relationship to names such as Fuchs, Fecht, Fickes (pronounced Fickus) are in error, as their patronymics are very different. Derivations of Fix can include Vix, Fitz, Vitz, Fits, Vits, Fixx, and Vixx, among others.”
Mary Fix married John Osborn in 1790 in Loudon Virginia. Nothing is known of her parents except that it was a German Pennsylvania family.
Woodward
The name is found in the English midlands with the highest frequencies in Gloucester and Derby. It is found in Northern Ireland, London, NewZealand/Australia and North America. New Hampshire has the highest frequency in the US.
“This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and comes from a medieval occupational name for a forester (which has formed another well known surname), a man employed to look after the trees and the game in the forest. This was a very important and well respected profession, since the woods and the game animals therein were usually preserved against poachers and were solely for the use and enjoyment of the king or the local lord of the manor. The "New Forest" in Hampshire is a prime example of such a protected area and the punishment for infringement was usually death. The derivation of the name is from the Olde English pre 7th Century "wudu", wood, and "weard" guardian or protector. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Sewhal le Wudeward, which was dated 1208.”
The type is rural and medium social standing.
Alice Woodward married James Harris in 1830 and they lived in Turmbull County Ohio. The earliest Woodward recorded in this family was Edward Woodward who's son Richard was born in Action Cheshire England in 1636 and died in Cheshire County Pennsylvania.
Miller
The name is found in Scotland, areas around London and the South Coast, with the highet frequency in Kirkwall. It is common in Northern Ireland, NewZealand/Australia and North America. Pennsylvania has the highest frequency in US.
“This surname is regarded as Anglo-Scottish. It was occupational, and described a corn miller, or at least someone in charge of a mill. The origination is from the pre 7th century Olde English word "mylene", and the later "milne", but ultimately from the Roman (Latin) "molere", meaning to grind. The miller enjoyed a privileged position in medieval society, the mill being an important centre in every medieval settlement, and farmers gathered there to have their corn ground into flour. A proportion of the ground corn was kept by the miller by way of payment, and this was sometimes a bone of contention (making this name a less popular to adopt then it otherwise would be).”
The type is urban and medium social standing.
Katherine Miller married William Ashburn in 1793 probably in Pennsylvania. Nothing is known of her parents. There are other Millers in the tree but I do not believe they are related to Katherine.
Sheilds
The name is found in Scotland and Northern England, with highest frequencies in Kilmarnock and Glasgow. It is found in Northern Ireland, London, NewZealand/Australia and North America. Delaware has the highest frequency in the US.
“This name is of English locational origin from north or south Shields - the former in Northumberland and the latter in Durham. The name in both cases derives from the Medieval English 'schele' itself coming from the Olde English pre 7th Century 'sceol' meaning a shed, hut or shelter. In some cases the name may be topographic for someone who lived by such a temporary shelter. The surname is first recorded in Scotland. The following quotation from Burns reads 'The swallow jinkin round my shiel'. In the 'modern' idiom the name has eight spelling variations, Shiel(ds), Shiel(l)s, Sheil(ds) and Sheal(s). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Thomas of le Schele, which was dated 1274. “
The type is urban and very low social standing.
Elizabeth Shields married Joseph Ashburn in 1825 Joseph Ashburn in Ohio. Her father was named Francis Shields but nothing else is known about him.